VNA Help home page - microwave network analyzer measurement information
FREE software - 'VNA Cal Kit Manager' and 'SWR Calculator'
Tips for network analyzer users
Application notes about network analysis
Bibliography of network analysis articles
Links to other network analyzer and microwave web sites
VNA Help home page - microwave network analyzer measurement information
  - for microwave network analyzers


Tips for Network Analyzer Users:

  1. TRL Calibration reference plane - thru vs reflect.
  2. Use cal kit standard #5 for sliding load.
  3. Copy complete standard or class in VNA Cal Kit Manager.
  4. Display negative impedance Smith chart with 1/S conversion.
  5. Effect of "mixer bounce" or "sampler bounce" on high dynamic range measurements.
  6. What if I need to purchase a GPIB card?
  7. Why doesn't an open or short look like a dot on the Smith chart?
  8. Don't spin the center conductor when making connections.
  9. When to use Port Extensions vs Electrical Delay on the VNA.
  10. When to use the Isolation Calibration in a two-port cal.
  11. The difference between System Z0 and Line Z0 in a TRL calibration.
  12. Proper technique for connecting 7mm (APC-7) connectors.
  13. How to display impedance in ohms on a time-domain measurement.
  14. VNA error caused by sweeping too fast through a device with long electrical delay.
  15. What is the difference between the "TRL" and "TRL*" calibrations?
  16. How to use a printer with a network analyzer that has no printer port.
  17. 8753/8720 cal kit TRL class mappings.
  18. What are TRL, LRL, TRM, and LRM calibrations?
  19. How to set up a cal kit with microstrip line standards.
  20. Solving the one-port calibration equations.
  21. Extracting network analyzer data in ASCII S2P format.
  22. What are "standard classes" in a calibration kit definition?
  23. What is the "FORM1" data format?
  24. How to run VNA Cal Kit Manager on the PNA network analyzer

Home  Software  Tips  App Notes  References  Links