Frequency Range


Frequency range is the span of frequencies you specify for making a device measurement.

See other 'Setup Measurements' topics

How to set Frequency Range

There are two ways to set the frequency range:

    1. Specify the Start and Stop frequencies of the range.

    2. Specify the Center frequency and desired Span of the range.

See the frequency ranges of all PNA models

Using front-panel
hardkey
[softkey] buttons

PNA Menu using a mouse

For PNA-L and E836x models

  1. Press Start/Stop
    or
    Center/Span

  1. Click Channel

  2. then Start/Stop
    or Center/Span

For PNA-X models

  1. Press Frequency

  1. Click Stimulus

  2. then Frequency

Frequency Start/Stop dialog box help

Start  Specifies the beginning frequency of the swept measurement range.

Stop  Specifies the end frequency of the swept measurement range.

 

 

Frequency Center/Span dialog box help

Center  Specifies the value at the center of the frequency sweep. This value can be anywhere in the analyzer range.

Span  Specifies the span of frequency values measured to either side of the center frequency.

Zoom - PNA-X ONLY

Zoom allows you to easily change the start and stop frequencies or start and stop power levels in a power sweep.

Zoom operates on the Active Trace and all traces in the same channel as the active trace, regardless of the window in which they appear.

How to Zoom in a measurement window

  1. Left-click the mouse or use a finger, then drag across a portion of a trace.

  2. Release the mouse or lift the finger and the following menu appears:

  3. Select from the following:

Zoom - changes the channel stimulus settings to the left and right border values of the Zoom selection

Zoom xy - changes the channel stimulus settings as above. In addition, the Y-axis scale of the active trace changes to the approximate scale of the Zoom selection.

Zoom Full Out - changes the channel stimulus settings to the full span of the current calibration. If no calibration is ON, then the stimulus settings are changed to the full span of the PNA model.

Notes

  • The stimulus settings are changed for ALL traces in the active channel, regardless of the window in which they appear.

  • If markers are in the selected area, they remain in place.

  • If markers are in the unselected area, they are moved to the right or left edge of the new span. When Zoom Full Out is selected, the markers are moved back to their original location.

Zoom is NOT available for the following:

CW Frequencies

Measurements with a CW Time sweep or Power sweep are made at a single frequency rather than over a range of frequencies.

How to set CW Frequency

  1. Set Sweep Type to CW Time or Power.

You can also set CW frequency from within the Sweep Type dialog box.

Using front-panel
hardkey
[softkey] buttons

PNA Menu using a mouse

For PNA-L and E836x models

  1. Press Start/Stop
    or
    Center/Span

  1. Click Channel

  2. then CW Frequency

For PNA-X models

  1. Press Freq

  2. then [CW]

  1. Click Stimulus

  2. then Frequency

  3. then CW Frequency

 

 

CW Frequency dialog box help

CW  Type a value and the first letter of the suffix (k,m,or g) or use the up and down arrows to select any value within the range of the PNA.

Frequency Resolution

The resolution for setting frequency is 1 Hz.

Frequency Band Crossings

The frequency range of the PNA covers several internal frequency bands. The higher the frequency range of the PNA, the larger the number of bands. The source power to your DUT turns off as the stimulus frequency is swept through these band crossings. To learn more, see Power ON and OFF during Sweep and Retrace.

The listed frequencies in the following tables are the stop frequency of the specified band, and the start frequency of the following band.

Frequency band crossings are different for the following models:

For 3 GHz, 6 GHz, and 9 GHz (discontinued) PNA models:

Band

Frequency

1

10 MHz

2

748 MHz

3

1500 MHz

4

3000 MHz

5

4500 MHz

6

6500 MHz

 

For E8362 / 63 / 64 A/B
(A models do not have band 0)

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

0

.045

 

 

 

 

1

0.748

9

7.60

17

25.60

2

1.500

10

10.00

18

30.00

3

3.00

11

12.00

19

32.00

4

3.80

12

12.8

20

36.00

5

4.50

13

15.20

21

38.40

6

4.80

14

16.00

22

40.00

7

6.00

15

20.00

23

45.60

8

6.40

16

22.80

24

48.00

 

For E8361A

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

0

.045

9

10.00

18

32.00

1

0.748

10

12.00

19

36.00

2

1.500

11

12.80

20

40.00

3

3.00

12

15.40

21

44.70

4

3.80

13

16.00

22

46.20

5

4.00

14

20.00

23

51.20

6

4.50

15

24.00

24

60.00

7

6.00

16

25.60

25

64.00

8

7.70

17

30.00

 

 

 

For N5230A 2-port models

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

1

.045

11

10.500

21

28.600

2

.748

12

12.500

22

31.250

3

1.5

13

15.750

23

31.500

4

3.125

14

16.667

24

33.333

5

4.167

15

18.750

25

37.000

6

5.250

16

21.000

26

40.500

7

6.250

17

22.500

27

41.667

8

7.875

18

25.000

28

42.000

9

8.333

19

26.250

29

46.800

10

9.375

20

26.500

30

 

 

For N5230A 4-port models

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

0

.00112

9

8.333

1

0.010

10

9.800

2

0.040

11

10.500

3

0.748

12

12.500

4

1.500

13

15.000

5

3.125

14

15.750

6

4.166

15

16.666

7

5.250

16

18.750

8

6.250

17

20.100

 

For N5242A

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

Band

Freq (GHz)

0

Reserved

12

.396

24

8.50

1

Reserved

13

.500

25

10.664

2

.014

14

.628

26

12.00

3

.019

15

1.00

27

12.80

4

.027

16

1.50

28

13.51

5

.038

17

2.00

29

15.40

6

.053

18

3.00

30

16.00

7

.075

19

3.20

31

18.00

8

.105

20

4.00

32

20.00

9

.146

21

5.32

33

21.328

10

.205

22

6.75

34

22.50

11

.250

23

8.00

35

24.00


Last modified:

10/23/06

MX Added new band crossings

10/16/06

Moved phase lock lost indicator

9/12/06

Added link to programming commands

9/27/06

MX Added UI